Vagh Baras is the day to attain consciousness. Vagh Baras is the day to get rid of all the hardships and problems. Thus the festivals of Diwali start from Agyaras. But on the day of Vagh Baras, people clean their house and worship their ‘Ishtadev’. The five names that are shown within our scriptures. Tithi, Var, Yoga, Nakshatra, and Karan. The significance of all this is shown within the scriptures. (Govatsa Dwadashi | How to Celebrate and Its Importance?)

Importance, Story, Puja Vidhi, Mantra, and Why the Name Vagh Baras?

Vagh Baras

– Vagh Baras Day is celebrated on the day of Aso Vad Baras as shown within the scriptures. 

– In Sanskrit, Vagh baras is called ‘Vatsa Dvadashi’.

– And many principals also address it as ‘Gau Vatsa Dwadashi’.

Importance of Vagh  Baras

Govatsa Dwadashi
  • The original word for Vagh Baras is wag which means speech. Saraswati is the goddess of speech
  • Another meaning of the word ‘Gau’ (cow) is senses. 
  • The senses have to be connected with Paramatma (God) on that day.
  • There are five Karmendriya (Karma senses), there are five (Gyanendriya) (knowledge senses), there is an eleventh mind and above that, there is a twelfth intellect( Budhdhhi).
  • The coincidence of Dwadashi and Buddhi is the coincidence of Saraswati.
  • Saraswati is worshiped on the day of Dwadashi (the day of Vagh Baras). And cows are also worshiped. 
  • And the person becomes divine by surrendering  their senses to God.
  • Vagh Baras is a special day. On  Dwadashi, Saraswati is worshiped among the students.
  • Inside the Gurukuls, sages worship ‘Ma Sarasvati’.
  • On the day of Wagh Baras, the tribal people worship the tiger.

The Story Behind The ‘Vagh Baras’

Lord Krishna and Narad

(1)  The story behind the ‘Vagh Baras’ mentions that on this day Lord Krishna went inside Vrindavan to graze cows. It is mentioned in the Vaishnava tradition that he started grazing cows with cowherds on this day. So cows are worshiped on this day in his memory. And it is also said that cows are the abode of thirty-three crore gods.

  • Naradaji once asked Lord Krishna, “Lord, where is your real abode?” Where there is a cowshed, where there are cows roaming, I am perpetual. Cow mother is very dear to me.
  • And the cow mother should be circumnavigated.
  • One thing to keep in mind is to worship the cow only in the presence of the cowherd. 
  • It is believed that worshiping a cow on the day of Waghbaras removes the sins in the days to come.
  • And within the Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads, cow worship has a special significance.
  • On the day of Dwadashi, the cow is worshiped along with the calf.
  • On the day of Wagh Baras, Gaimata should be worshiped without forgetting.
Chopda Pujan

(2) ‘Vagh’ means debt. On the day of ‘Wagh Baras’, ‘Wagh Mandvana’ means ‘debt settlement’.

  • There are as many books as your business this year. All those books have to be checked on the day of Baras and all the debts have to be settled. And the best day to pay off this debt is the day of Aso Sud Baras. That is the day of Wagh Baras.

Puja Vidhi and Mantra (Govatsa Dwadashi)

Govatsa Dwadashi
  • And people should offer boiled wheat, jaggery, and dry grass to the cow and calf.
  • The cow should also be given bread( Chapati) on the day of Wagh Baras.
  • On Govatsa Dwadashi, when you worship, chant mantras and also do ‘Kamadhenu Gaimata’ garland.
  • Cows can be donated. Its importance is shown in Garuda Purana. If one wants to cross the ‘Vaitarani’ river, one should donate cows.
  • Chanting the mantra ‘Om Kamadhenu Devyai Namah’.

Why The Name Vagh Baras (Govatsa Dwadashi)?

Govatsa Dwadashi | How Celebrate and Its Importance?
  • Wagh Baras is mentioned in Gujarati literature? Param Pujya Ke. Ka. Shastri has also mentioned this word in Bhagavad Go Mandal. The name Vagh Baras is due to the fact that one of the words used by the merchants is ‘Vagh Mandavu’. So the name ‘Vagh Baras’ is derived from the word ‘Vagh Mandavu’. And ‘Vagh Mandavu’ means putting an end to all the old-year-old accounts.
  • To pay, if you have taken from someone, and to take, if you have given to someone. And to finish the old accounts on this day. And Write ‘Shri Sava’ and close the book. Remember it should be preserved because, on the day of Diwali, the book is to be worshiped again. So the new account starts on that day. That means ‘Vagh Mandvu’.
  • The word ‘Wagh Baras’ is derived from the word ‘Wagh Mandvu’. This word is not used anywhere except Gujarat.
Govatsa Dwadashi | How Celebrate and Its Importance?

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