Doing Kumbhak after Pranayama is very important in yoga. Pranayama is the coordination of Puraka, Rechaka, and Kumbhaka. There are many types of Pranayama, in this Kumbhak Pranayama is very good. In Kumbhak Pranayam, we keep our breath outside or inside according to our ability. (What are Kumbhaka and Bandhas? Types)
General Introduction to How many Types of Kumbhaka and Bandha are, And What They are
In general, Kumbhak and Bandha are practiced to make the prana energy flow in the Sushumna Swara or Sushumna Nadi. And to awaken the subtle powers, they are practiced.
- One kind of breath bridge that has been converted into Pranayama by the action of common breath is called Kumbhaka.
- Kumbhaka Pranayama is the name to control the breath.
- Kumbhaka means to stop the breath.
- There are two more words in Kumbhak, complement (Puraka), and laxative(Rechaka).
- Complement (Purak) means filling the breath Laxative (Rechak) means exhaling the breath.
- When the Kumbhak is added to fill and release the breath, then this normal breathing action becomes a Pranayama.
Types of Kumbhaka
- There are two types of Kumbhak, Internal Kumbhak, and External Kumbhaka.
- Inner Kumbhaka:
- Inner Kumbhak means to stop the breath within the body.
2. External Kumbhaka:
- External Kumbhak means to keep the breath outside the body.
- And besides this, there is another Kumbhak which is called Kaivalya Kumbhaka.
- Kaivalya Kumbhaka: It means stopping the breath where it is.
- So this is the practice of three types of Kumbhak, inner Kumbhak, external Kumbhaka, and Kaivalya Kumbhaka.
- What Kumbhaka means in its normal form is to stop breathing.
Bandhas | What are Kumbhaka and Bandhas? Types
- Bandha:Meaning: And with the practice of Kumbhak, another practice connects, which is called Bandha.
- Bandha means to tie, hold, or bind something.
- Types of Bandha: Four types of bandhas have been discussed Jalandhar Bandha, Udyan Bandha, Mool Bandha, and Maha Bandha.
- Practice: For their practice, they are also practiced separately and also with Pranayama which is common practice and which is practiced such as Kapalabhati, Bhrastrika, Sun Piercing, Chandra Piercing, Anulom Vilom, they can also be practiced by including these bandhas.
Types Of Bandhas | What are Kumbhaka and Bandhas? Types
- Jalandhar Bandh:
- Padmasana, Siddhasana, Siddha yoni Posture should sit in any one of these postures.
- Let’s breathe first let’s discuss Jalandhar Bandha. Jalandhar Bandha is practiced with both internal Kumbhak or external Kumbhak while breathing or exhaling.
- The entire breath is filled inside the body or the breath is completely exhaled from the body and the chin is applied to the entire throat. With which we put a bandage so that the air cannot go out at all. and chin bend completely ahead, this practice is Jalandhar Bandh.
2. Uddyaan Bandh:
- The second one is Udyaan Bandh. Udyan Bandha is practiced only with external Kumbhak ( Bahtya Kumbhak).
- Leaving the breath out, we breathe in it and then exhale with speed. After leaving the outside, the muscles of the entire stomach are pulled inwards. The posterior and ie navel is pulled backward. This is a Udyan Bandh.
3. Moola bandha
- The third is the Moola bandha. It is practiced with both internal Kumbhak and external Kumbhaka. The gland that is in the body is pulled upwards. This is called Moolabandha.
4. Maha bandh
- Maha bandh: And fourth is maha bandha when these three ( Jalandhar Bandha, Udyan Bandha, Mool Bandha ) ties are put together then it becomes practice maha bandha.
- Meaning, the bond of all three is Mahabandha.
Now, in this way, every pranayama practice and each bandha has its own different outline, different practices, different method, different precautions, benefits, and effects which we will discuss later.