It is celebrated all over the world on 22 March. Global Water Day is celebrated to explain the global water crisis and the importance of water. Also, its aim is to help in the efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 6. According to Sustainable Development Goal 6, access to water and sanitation is to be ensured by 2030. Explaining the importance of water, in December 2016, the United Nations Journal Assembly declared International Decade for Action – Water for Sustainable Development Day from 2018 to 2028. The theme of this year’s World Water Day is ‘Valuing water’ and the campaign theme is ‘#Water to me’.
According to the theme, the value of water is more than its value. Water is invaluable for our home, food, culture, health, education, economy, and natural environment. On the occasion of World Water Day, the whole earth talks about the importance of pure water and ways to save it.
Status Of Water Resources | World Water Day
- 96.5% of the water globally is in the oceans. Freshwater sources include 68.7% water in glaciers and ice caps and 30.1% in groundwater. Water is under the state list in the seventh schedule of the constitution.
- On the other hand, the Union list includes issues related to interstate river water.
- India accounts for 2.4% of the world’s area.
- In the case of the same freshwater resources, this figure is about 4 percent.
- India gets about 4 thousand billion cubic meters of water annually through the rain(precipitation).
- In India, there are about 10360 rivers and tributaries.
- The amount of recoverable groundwater in the country is about 432 cubic km per year.
- In states like Punjab, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu, groundwater is being exploited very fast which is increasing the challenges.
- States like Kerala, Odisha, West Bengal are rich in these resources.
- The per capita water availability depends on the population of the country.
- 135 liter ‘per capita per day in urban areas and 55 liters per capita per day in rural areas have been recommended as benchmarks.
- If India knows about the situation of the global water crisis, according to the ‘Global Risk Report’ 2019, the water crisis has been ranked fourth in the ‘Global Risk Impact’. The water footprint of India is 983 cubic meters per capita.
- Water footprint – The measurement of water used in the production and services of an object is measured.
- According to the Central Ground Water Board of India, there are 256 districts that are classified as critical or overexploited in terms of groundwater level. In the year 2019, the city of Chennai in India was declared ‘Day Zero‘ by the administration. Day zero means that water from all the taps in a city should stop coming.
- Only 21.5 percent of solid waste is processed, solid waste is mainly responsible for the pollution of rivers.
- There are about 76 percent million people in India who do not have access to clean drinking water. Climate change affected monsoon patterns; Direct impact on agricultural production. 75 percent of the rainfall in India occurs only during the four months of the monsoon; Wastewater through runoff.
- Himalayan region – Due to climate change, the availability of water in these streams has changed due to the melting of glaciers.
- Northern Plains – Population pressure due to fertile and flat land; Agriculture and industries polluted more rivers.
- South India – Problems such as erratic rainfall, increasing river pollution due to development activities, and excessive use of groundwater.
- North Eastern Region – The water crisis is due to human reasons such as mining speed methods, pollution, and lack of water conservation.
- Western India – Arid and semi-arid climate
‘The way forward’
- With the increasing demand for water in India, there is also a shortage of fresh water.
- Measures like watershed management, rainwater harvesting, water recycling will have to be adopted.
- The watershed development project called ‘Hariyali’ is being run by the central government.
- In rainwater harvesting, rainwater is collected and used in other activities.
- To spread awareness about the importance of water and pollution in the general public
- Water recycling is the best way to save water.
Ans. March 22 is celebrated as world water day.
Ans. The world water day was designed by UN in 1993.
Ans. Agriculture is the largest water consumer.
Ans. China uses the most water per day.
Ans. The theme of world water day theme in 2019 is Leaving no one behind
Ans. The theme of world water day theme in 2020 is Valuing water
Ans. Switzerland has cleanest tap water.
Ans. The slogan of world water day 2020 is save water and it will save you.
Ans. The theme of world water day theme in 2020 is Water and climate change
Ans. The PH level of pure water is 7